The National Population Commission (NPC) has put Nigeria’s current population at 198 million people with urban population growing at an average annual growth rate of about 6.5 percent. Chairman of NPC, Mr Eze Duruiheoma, stated this in New York while delivering Nigeria’s statement on Sustainable Cities, Human Mobility and International Migration at the 51st Session of Commission on Population and Development.
“Nigeria remains the most populous in Africa, the seventh globally with an estimated population of over 198 million.
“The recent World popu lation prospects predicts that by 2050, Nigeria will become the third most populated country in the world.
“Over the last 50 years, the Nigeria’s urban population has grown at an average annual growth rate of more than 6.5 per cent without commensurate increase in social amenities and infrastructure.
“It grew substantially from 17.3 in 1967 to 49.4 per cent in 2017. In addition, the 2014 World Urbanisation Prospects report, predicts that by 2050, most of the popu lation – 70 per cent – will be residing in cities.
“The 2010 human mobility Survey report revealed that 23 per cent of the sampled population were of more females than males”.
He said the category of the popula tion mostly engaged in urbanisation and migration were young people of teenage and adolescents’ girls and boys, women of childbearing age and the working age population.
He also said existing urbanisation trend coupled with internally displaced persons (IDPs) in cities, pose critical challenges to securing the sustainability of our cities, including efforts to make them smart and responsive to the human influx.
The Displacement Tracking Matrix round XXI of January 2018 identified estimated 1.7 million IDPs in over 321,580 households across six states of North-East Nigeria with 40 percent residing in camp-like settings in urban areas plus 1.4 million returnees.
”The number of IDPs represented 4.5 percent increase compared to the 1,702,680 identified in Round XX (Dec. 2017).”
Duruiheoma said like in other developing countries, Nigerian cities hosted widespread poverty, under-employment and unemployment at an average of 18.4 percent, according to the National Bureau of Statistics 2017 report.